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Home > Artist > Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
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Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

Born 1864——Died 1901
French Artist
Biography

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec:  (November 24, 1864 – September 9, 1901) was a French painter, printmaker, draftsman, and illustrator, whose immersion in the decadent and theatrical life of fin de siècle Paris yielded an oeuvre of provocative images of modern life.

Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec Monfa was born in Albi, Tarn in the Midi-Pyrénées Region of France, the firstborn child of Comte Alphonse and Comtesse Adèle de Toulouse-Lautrec. An aristocratic family that had recently fallen on hard times, the Toulouse-Lautrecs were still feeling the effects of the inbreeding of past generations; the Comte and Comtesse were first cousins, and Henri suffered from a number of congenital health conditions attributed to this tradition of inbreeding (see below). A younger brother was born to the family on August 28, 1867, but died the following year.

At ages 13 and 14, Henri fractured his left and right thigh bones, respectively. The breaks did not heal properly (modern physicians attribute this to an unknown genetic disorder along the lines of osteoporosis or osteogenesis imperfecta; others speak of rickets aggravated with praecox virilism), and his legs ceased to grow, so that as an adult he was only 1.52 m/5 ft tall, having developed an adult-sized torso but retained his child-sized legs (0.70 m/27.5 in long). On the other hand, he had hypertrophied genitals as some of his photos prove.

Research supports that the artist's deformities were most likely caused by pycnodysostosis

Physically unable to participate in most of the activities typically enjoyed by men his age, Toulouse-Lautrec immersed himself in his art. He became an important post-Impressionist painter, art nouveau illustrator, and lithographer and recorded in his works many details of the late-19th century bohemian lifestyle in Paris. Toulouse-Lautrec also contributed a number of illustrations to the magazine Le Rire during the mid-1890s.

He was declared to be "The soul of Montmartre", the Parisian quarter where he made his home. He often portrayed life at the Moulin Rouge and other Montmartre and Parisian cabaret and theaters, and, particularly, in the brothels that he frequented avidly (allegedly, he contracted syphilis from Rosa la Rouge, who lived in a brothel). He lived there for long periods among the women that adopted him wholeheartedly and made him their confidant and the witness of their most intimate acts that inspired the lesbian scenes of many of his drawings and paintings. He painted singer Yvette Guilbert, Louise Weber, known as the outrageous La Goulue, the glutton, a dancer who created the "French Can-Can", and dancer Jane Avril.

Toulouse-Lautrec gave painting lessons to Suzanne Valadon, one of his models (and, by all accounts, probably his mistress as well).

An alcoholic for most of his adult life, he was placed in a sanatorium shortly before his death. He died from complications due to alcoholism and syphilis at the family estate in Malromé, fewer than three months before his 37th birthday. He is buried in Verdelais, Gironde, a few kilometres from his birthplace. His last words reportedly were "Le vieux con!" ("Old fool"), when he saw his father trying to kill a fly in the room.

The invention of the Tremblement de Terre, Earthquake (cocktail) is attributed to Toulouse-Lautrec, a potent mixture containing four parts Absinthe, two parts Red Wine, and a dash of Cognac.

After his death, his mother, the Comtesse Adèle Toulouse-Lautrec, and Maurice Joyant, his art dealer, promoted his art. His mother contributed funds for a museum to be built in Albi, his birthplace, to house his works. As of 2005, his paintings have sold for as much as $14.5 million.


 

Art Work
Aristede Bruand at His Cabaret, reproduction of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Art work details
Item Number:
WHH304
Original Artist:
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Original Name:
Aristede Bruand at His Cabaret
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: Colored lithograph
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
At the Moulin Rouge, the Two Waltzers, reproduction of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Art work details
Item Number:
WHH305
Original Artist:
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Original Name:
At the Moulin Rouge, the Two Waltzers
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: Oil on cardboard
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Cadieux, reproduction of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Art work details
Item Number:
WHH306
Original Artist:
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Original Name:
Cadieux
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: Lithograph in four colors
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Dance at the Moulin Rouge, reproduction of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Art work details
Item Number:
WHH307
Original Artist:
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Original Name:
Dance at the Moulin Rouge
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Divan Japonais, reproduction of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Art work details
Item Number:
WHH308
Original Artist:
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Original Name:
Divan Japonais
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: Color lithograph (second state)
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Girl in a Fur, Mademoiselle Jeanne Fontaine, reproduction of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Art work details
Item Number:
WHH309
Original Artist:
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Original Name:
Girl in a Fur, Mademoiselle Jeanne Fontaine
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: Thinned oil on board
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Jane Avril, reproduction of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Art work details
Item Number:
WHH310
Original Artist:
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Original Name:
Jane Avril
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: Color lithograph (first state)
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
May Belfort, reproduction of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Art work details
Item Number:
WHH311
Original Artist:
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Original Name:
May Belfort
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: Color lithograph (fourth state) poster
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Moulin Rouge, reproduction of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Art work details
Item Number:
WHH312
Original Artist:
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Original Name:
Moulin Rouge
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: Color lithograph (second state)
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Queen of Joy, reproduction of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Art work details
Item Number:
WHH313
Original Artist:
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Original Name:
Queen of Joy
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: Color lithograph (single state)
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
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