Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy Oil Paintings, Biography, Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy Art Works And Oil Reproductions.

Oil Paintings & Art Reproduction

Angel Oil Painting Art Co., Ltd. (SINCE 1998)

Home | Sample | Stock | Portrait | Special Price | Picture Frame | Price | Contact us
| New | Wholesale | How To Order | Payment | Shipment | FAQ | Cart |
search oil paintings

 

Catalogue

Artist Index
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z
 
By Subjects
Abstract
Angel
Animals
Arab
Ballet
Beach Scape
Buddha
Child
Chinese
Classic Landscape
Contemporary
Decorate
Figures1
Figures2
Flowers
General
Harvest
Hunting
Impressions Figures
Impressions Landscape
Indian
Interior
Mediterranean And Garden
Nude
Palace
Paris Scape
Pop Art
Religion
Sculptures
Seascape
Snow Scape
Still Life
Venice
Watercolour
Winter And Holland Streetscape
 
portrait oil paintings
portrait oil painting of Clinton
Testimonials
Privacy Policy
Art History
Art News
Site Map
Art Links
Bookmark and Share
Subscribe
Rss Feed
 
Home > Artist > Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy
Back
1 2 3 
Next

Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy

Born 1837——Died 1887
Russian Artist
Biography

Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoi: (June 8 (O.S. May 27), 1837 - April 6 (O.S. March 24), 1887)  was a Russian painter and art critic. He was the intellectual leader of the Russian democratic art movement 1860-1880.

He was originally from a poor petty-bourgeois family. From 1857 to 1863 he studied at the St.Petersburg Academy of Arts; he reacted against academic art, and he was an initiator of the "revolt of fourteen" which ended with an expulsion from the Academy of arts its graduates, who organized Artel of Artists ("Артель художников").

Under the influence of ideas of the Russian revolutionary democrats Kramskoi asserted representation about a high public duty of artist, principles of realism, moral substance and a nationality of art. He became one of the main founders and ideologists of Company of Mobile Art Exhibitions (or Peredvizhniki). In 1863-1868 he taught at drawing school of a society of encouragement of applied arts. He created gallery of portraits of the largest Russian writers, scientific, artists and public figures (portraits: Leo Nikolayevitch Tolstoy, 1873, Ivan Shishkin, 1873, Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov, 1876, Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, 1879, - all in Tretyakov Gallery; portrait of Botkin, 1880 - private collection, Moscow) in which expressive simplicity of a composition, clearness of figure emphasize the leading part of the profound psychological characteristic. Democratic sights of Kramskoi found the brightest expression in portraits of the peasants who reflected sincere riches and internal advantage of the person from people. Central Kramskoi’s painting is "The Christ in desert” (1872, Tretyakov gallery).

Continuing Alexander Ivanov's humanistic tradition, Kramskoi treated a religious plot in moral – philosophical plan. He gave the Christ dramatic experiences deeply psychological vital interpretation, idea of heroic self-sacrifice. Aspiring to expansion ideological-art maintenances of images, Kramskoi created art, worth on the verge of a portrait and a thematic picture ("Nekrasov during the period of "Last songs" ", 1877-78, "Unknown Woman", 1883, "Inconsolable to mountain", 1884, - all in Tretyakov gallery). They differ by interest to disclosing complex sincere movements, characters and destinies.

A democratic orientation of Kramskoi’s art, his acute critical judgments about the art, and persevering searches of objective public criteria of an estimation of art peculiar to it rendered essential influence on development of democratic art and art idea in Russia in the last third of 19 century.

Ivan Nikolayevich Kramskoy is an outstanding representative of the democratic culture in Russia of the second half of the 19th century. He is known as a wonderful painter and draughtsman, a remarkable art critic and theoretician of art, a talented teacher. Besides, he was an originator and ardent inspirer of the first independent artistic organizations, namely the Itinerants’ Society of Traveling Exhibitions and St. Petersburg Team of Artists, which had played an important part in the development of art in Russia.

     Born into the family of a provincial state clerk, Kramskoy had no opportunity to study art during childhood. At the age of 15 he became an apprentice to an icon-painter, a year later a photographer took him as a retoucher. Only in 1857, he managed to come to St. Petersburg and enter the Academy of Arts. There he soon became a popular leader among the students. In 1863, he was among the 14 best graduates who refused to fulfill the diploma work on a given mythological theme. All 14 were dismissed from the Academy, and Kramskoy headed the St. Petersburg Team of Artists, a commune where artists shared studios and household. The young wife of Kramskoy, Sophia Nikolayevna, née Prokhorova, took care of their mutual household.

     Ivan Kramskoy is famous mainly as a portraitist; his portraits of the 60s are not large, and very often monochrome, reminding of photographs. At the same period (1863-68) Kramskoy taught in The Drawing School of the Society for Promoting of the Artists; his pupils, among others, were Iliya Repin and Nicolay Yaroshenko.

     Since 1869, Kramskoy started to receive regular commissions from the collector of Russian art Pavel Tretyakov. Tretyakov commissioned portraits of personalities of Russian culture and science. These portraits have become an innate part of the Russian art and social history. For Kramskoy it was a feat to preserve, for the generations to come, the likeliness of his outstanding contemporaries. Portrait of the Author Ivan Goncharov. Portrait of the Sculptor Mark Antokolsky. Portrait of Dmitry Mendeleyev.

     In 1869, St. Petersburg Academy chose him an academician. The same year he made his first trip abroad: he visited Berlin, Dresden, Munich, Düsseldorf, Antwerp, Paris, and Vienna, where he studied famous art collections. After his return to Russia he started organizing the Itinerants’ Society of Traveling Exhibitions. The aim of the Society was:
1) to give the opportunity to everybody in Russia to get acquainted with its contemporary art;
2) to develop love for art in Russian society;
3) to make selling their works easier for the artists.

     In 1872 Kramskoy painted his masterpiece Christ in the Desert, a traditional topic, yet, in Kramskoy’s work it acquired new social interpretation and deep philosophical meaning.  Christ in the Desert carried the idea of man’s moral duty to society and therefore it greatly impressed the painter’s contemporaries, who found a definite affinity to their attitudes and feelings in it in the crucial period of Russian history, which demanded personal heroism and sacrifice for the sake of people. “The best Christ I ever saw”– Leo Tolstoy.

     In 1873 Tretyakov commissioned the Portrait of Leo Tolstoy for his gallery. Tolstoy had refused several times. “Please use all your charm to persuade him “, wrote Tretyakov to Kramskoy. And Kramskoy managed to do this, the writer and the artist were both impressed by each other’s personalities. Kramskoy painted one of the best of all Tolstoy’s portraits. Tolstoy was working on Anna Karenina at the time and he used Kramskoy’s character as one of the secondary personages in the novel – the artist Mikhailov.

     Kramskoy always understood the capturing charm of color, admired Alexander Ivanov, his younger contemporaries – Repin, Vasiliyev, Polenov, French Impressionists - “…Just a small group of laughed at painters, but the future belongs to them…”, he wrote in the 70s about his French colleagues. But he himself was a poor colorist. Once during the work on the portrait of Adrian Prakhov, the mother of the sitter saw the portrait after the first day of painting and impressed by it, took it away and did not allow Kramskoy to finish it, she said that if the artist went on working he would dry it as usual. Kramskoy himself understood his drawbacks and limits, but was afraid to change his manner.

     The artist died on 24 March 1887 during his work on the portrait of Doctor Rauhphus with brush in his hand.

     Kramskoy’s works embody the high moral and social ideals of his time. For him, artistic truth and beauty, moral and aesthetic values were inseparable. His works greatly influenced his contemporaries’ ideology. Today they still affect people because the artist’s attitude to life was based on love and respect of man, on his belief in truth and justice.

 

 

Art Work
Books Got Her, reproduction of Ivan Nikolaevich  Kramskoy
Art work details
Item Number:
WHI106
Original Artist:
Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy
Original Name:
Books Got Her
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Christ in the wilderness, reproduction of Ivan Nikolaevich  Kramskoy
Art work details
Item Number:
WHI107
Original Artist:
Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy
Original Name:
Christ in the wilderness
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Girl with a Tress, reproduction of Ivan Nikolaevich  Kramskoy
Art work details
Item Number:
WHI108
Original Artist:
Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy
Original Name:
Girl with a Tress
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Girl with Washed Linen on the Yoke, reproduction of Ivan Nikolaevich  Kramskoy
Art work details
Item Number:
WHI109
Original Artist:
Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy
Original Name:
Girl with Washed Linen on the Yoke
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
In the Park, Portrait of the Artist's Wife and Daughter, reproduction of Ivan Nikolaevich  Kramskoy
Art work details
Item Number:
WHI110
Original Artist:
Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy
Original Name:
In the Park, Portrait of the Artist's Wife and Daughter
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Insulted Jewish Boy, reproduction of Ivan Nikolaevich  Kramskoy
Art work details
Item Number:
WHI111
Original Artist:
Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy
Original Name:
Insulted Jewish Boy
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Meditator, reproduction of Ivan Nikolaevich  Kramskoy
Art work details
Item Number:
WHI112
Original Artist:
Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy
Original Name:
Meditator
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Mocking Christ, hail, king of the jews!, reproduction of Ivan Nikolaevich  Kramskoy
Art work details
Item Number:
WHI113
Original Artist:
Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy
Original Name:
Mocking Christ, hail, king of the jews!
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Nikolay Nekrasov in the Period of Last Songs, reproduction of Ivan Nikolaevich  Kramskoy
Art work details
Item Number:
WHI114
Original Artist:
Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy
Original Name:
Nikolay Nekrasov in the Period of Last Songs
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Poeasant holding a bridle, reproduction of Ivan Nikolaevich  Kramskoy
Art work details
Item Number:
WHI115
Original Artist:
Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy
Original Name:
Poeasant holding a bridle
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Portrait of a Woman, reproduction of Ivan Nikolaevich  Kramskoy
Art work details
Item Number:
WHI116
Original Artist:
Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy
Original Name:
Portrait of a Woman
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Portrait of an Old Peasant, reproduction of Ivan Nikolaevich  Kramskoy
Art work details
Item Number:
WHI117
Original Artist:
Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy
Original Name:
Portrait of an Old Peasant
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Portrait of Anatoly Kramskoy, the Artist's Son, reproduction of Ivan Nikolaevich  Kramskoy
Art work details
Item Number:
WHI118
Original Artist:
Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy
Original Name:
Portrait of Anatoly Kramskoy, the Artist's Son
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Portrait of E. Vasilchikova, reproduction of Ivan Nikolaevich  Kramskoy
Art work details
Item Number:
WHI119
Original Artist:
Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy
Original Name:
Portrait of E. Vasilchikova
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: oil on paper
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Portrait of Empress Maria Fyodorovna in a Head Dress Decorated with Pearls, reproduction of Ivan Nikolaevich  Kramskoy
Art work details
Item Number:
WHI120
Original Artist:
Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy
Original Name:
Portrait of Empress Maria Fyodorovna in a Head Dress Decorated with Pearls
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Back
1 2 3 
Next

Oil Painting By Artist  |  Oil Painting By Subject  |  Sample Oil Painting  |  Stock Oil Painting  |   Discount Oil Painting

Portrait Oil Painting  |  Wholesale Oil Painting  |  Picture Frame  |  Testimonials  |  Art News  |  Site Map  |  Contact Us

Oil paintings quality guaranteed payment and shipping Art reproductions guaranteed

We Can Paint Any Image To Any Size, Contact Us For Details.

Copyright©1998-2011 Angel Oil Painting Art Co., Ltd.

Oil Paintings Reproduction

Web design & Maintenance by: Angel Design Studio.