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Home > Artist > Jacob van Ruisdael
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Jacob van Ruisdael

Born 1628——Died 1692
Dutch Artist
Biography

Jacob van Ruysdael: (or Ruisdaal) (c. 1628 - March 14, 1682), the most celebrated of the Dutch landscapists, was born at Haarlem.

He appears to have studied under his father Isaak van Ruysdael, a landscape painter, though other authorities place him as the pupil of Berghem and of Allart van Everdingen. He was the nephew of Salomon van Ruisdael, a landscape artist of some note, and also studied under him. The earliest date that appears on his paintings and etchings is 1645. Three years later he was admitted as a member of the guild of St Luke in Haarlem; in 1659 he obtained the freedom of the city of Amsterdam, and in 1668 his name appears there as a witness to the marriage of Meindert Hobbema. During his lifetime his works were little appreciated, and he seems to have suffered from poverty. In 1681 the sect of the Mennonites, with whom he was connected, petitioned the council of Haarlem for his admission into the almshouse of the town, and there the artist died on the 14th of March 1682.

The works of Ruysdael may be studied in the Louvre and the National Gallery, London, and in the collections at the Hague, Amsterdam, Berlin, and Dresden. His favourite subjects are simple woodland scenes, similar to those of Everdingen and Hobbema. He is especially noted as a painter of trees, and his rendering of foliage, particularly of oak leaf age, is characterized by the greatest spirit and precision. His views of distant cities, such as that of Haarlem in the possession of the marquess of Bute, and that of Katwijk in the Glasgow Corporation Galleries, clearly indicate the influence of Rembrandt.

He frequently painted coast-scenes and sea-pieces, but it is in his rendering of lonely forest glades that we find him at his best. The subjects of certain of his mountain scenes seem to be taken from Norway, and have led to the supposition that he had travelled in that country. We have, however, no record of such a journey, and the works in question are probably merely adaptations from the landscapes of Van Everdingen, whose manner he copied at one period. Only a single architectural subject from his brush is known--an admirable interior of the New Church, Amsterdam. The prevailing hue of his landscapes is a full rich green, which, however, has darkened with time, while a clear grey tone is characteristic of his seapieces. The art of Ruysdael, while it shows little of the scientific knowledge of later landscapists, is sensitive and poetic in sentiment, and direct and skilful in technique. Figures are sparingly introduced into his compositions, and such as occur are believed to be from the pencils of Adriaen van de Velde, Philip Wouwerman, and Jan Lingelbach.

Unlike the other great Dutch landscape painters, Ruysdael did not aim at a pictorial record of particular scenes, but he carefully thought out and arranged his compositions, introducing into them an infinite variety of subtle contrasts in the formation of the clouds, the plants and tree forms, and the play of light. He particularly excelled in the painting of cloudscapes which are spanned dome-like over the landscape, and determine the light and shade of the objects.

Goethe lauded him as a poet among painters, and his work shows some of the sensibilities the Romantics would later celebrate.

Characteristic of his early period, from about 1646 to 1655, is the choice of very simple motifs and the careful and laborious study of the details of nature. The time between his departure from Haarlem and his settling in Amsterdam may have been spent in travelling and helped him to gain a broader view of nature and to widen the horizon of his art.

A magnificent view of the Castle of Bentheim (which is located in Bad Bentheim in Lower-Saxony), dated 1654, suggests that his wanderings extended to Germany. In his last period, from about 1675 onwards, he shows a tendency towards overcrowded compositions, and affects a darker tonality, which may partly be due to the use of thin paint on a dark ground. Towards the end, in his leaning towards the romantic mood, he preferred to draw his inspiration from other masters, instead of going to nature direct, his favorite subjects being rushing torrents and waterfalls, and ruined castles on mountain crests, which are frequently borrowed from the Swiss views by Roghmau.

Ruysdael etched a few plates, thirteen according to the latest catalogue raisonné by Slive, which he evidently regarded as experimental and somewhat private, to judge by their extreme rarity - about half survive in only a single impression (copy). By far the best collection is at the Rijksmuseum print room in Amsterdam. Many have very crowded compositions of foliage. The Cornfield and the Travellers are characterized by Duplessis as prints of a high order which may be regarded as the most significant expressions of landscape art in the Low Countries.


 

 

Art Work
A Waterf, reproduction of Jacob van Ruisdael
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ43
Original Artist:
Jacob van Ruisdael
Original Name:
A Waterf
Original Size:
98 x 83cm
Original Medium: oil on panel
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
An Extensive Landscape With A Ruined Castle And A Village Church, reproduction of Jacob van Ruisdael
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ44
Original Artist:
Jacob van Ruisdael
Original Name:
An Extensive Landscape With A Ruined Castle And A Village Church
Original Size:
109 x 146cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
bentheim castle, reproduction of Jacob van Ruisdael
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ45
Original Artist:
Jacob van Ruisdael
Original Name:
bentheim castle
Original Size:
68 x 54cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
landscape with church and ruined astle, reproduction of Jacob van Ruisdael
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ46
Original Artist:
Jacob van Ruisdael
Original Name:
landscape with church and ruined astle
Original Size:
109 x 146cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
landscape with waterfall, reproduction of Jacob van Ruisdael
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ47
Original Artist:
Jacob van Ruisdael
Original Name:
landscape with waterfall
Original Size:
192 x 145cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
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landscape with windmills near haarlem, reproduction of Jacob van Ruisdael
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ48
Original Artist:
Jacob van Ruisdael
Original Name:
landscape with windmills near haarlem
Original Size:
31 x 34cm
Original Medium: oil on panel
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Landscape With A House In The Grove, reproduction of Jacob van Ruisdael
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ49
Original Artist:
Jacob van Ruisdael
Original Name:
Landscape With A House In The Grove
Original Size:
105 x 162cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
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Landscape With A View Of Haarlem, reproduction of Jacob van Ruisdael
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ50
Original Artist:
Jacob van Ruisdael
Original Name:
Landscape With A View Of Haarlem
Original Size:
52 x 65cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Landscape With Church And Village, reproduction of Jacob van Ruisdael
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ51
Original Artist:
Jacob van Ruisdael
Original Name:
Landscape With Church And Village
Original Size:
59.1 x 73.2cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Mill at Wijk near Duursteede, reproduction of Jacob van Ruisdael
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ52
Original Artist:
Jacob van Ruisdael
Original Name:
Mill at Wijk near Duursteede
Original Size:
83 x 101cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Sunrise In A Wood, reproduction of Jacob van Ruisdael
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ53
Original Artist:
Jacob van Ruisdael
Original Name:
Sunrise In A Wood
Original Size:
90 x 77cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
The Great Oak, reproduction of Jacob van Ruisdael
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ54
Original Artist:
Jacob van Ruisdael
Original Name:
The Great Oak
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
The Hunt, reproduction of Jacob van Ruisdael
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ55
Original Artist:
Jacob van Ruisdael
Original Name:
The Hunt
Original Size:
107.5 x 147cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
The Large Forest, reproduction of Jacob van Ruisdael
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ56
Original Artist:
Jacob van Ruisdael
Original Name:
The Large Forest
Original Size:
140 x 180cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Two Watermills And An Open Sluice Near Singraven, reproduction of Jacob van Ruisdael
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ57
Original Artist:
Jacob van Ruisdael
Original Name:
Two Watermills And An Open Sluice Near Singraven
Original Size:
87.3 x 111.5cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
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