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Home > Artist > Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
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Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin

Born 1699——Died 1779
French Artist
Biography

Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin: (November 2, 1699 – December 6, 1779) was an 18th-century French painter. He is considered one of the greatest painters of his era, and "the greatest master of still life in the history of painting".

Chardin was born in Paris, the son of a cabinetmaker, and rarely left the city. He lived on the Left Bank near Saint-Sulpice until 1757, when Louis XV granted him a studio and living quarters in the Louvre.

Chardin entered into a marriage contract with Marguerite Saintard in 1723, whom he did not marry until 1731. He served apprenticeships with the history painters Pierre-Jacques Cazes and Noël-Nicholas Coypel, and in 1724 became a master in the Académie de Saint-Luc.

Upon presentation of The Ray in 1728, he was admitted to the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture. The following year he ceded his position in the Académie de Saint-Luc. In November of 1731 his son Jean-Pierre was baptized, and a daughter, Marguerite-Agnès, was baptized in 1733. In 1735 his wife Marguerite died, and within two years Marguerite-Agnès had died as well.

Beginning in 1737 Chardin exhibited regularly at the Salon. He would prove to be a 'dedicated academician', regularly attending meetings for fifty years, and functioning successively as counsellor, treasurer, and secretary, overseeing in 1761 the installation of Salon exhibitions.

In 1744 he entered his second marriage, this time to Françoise-Marguerite Pouget. The following year a daughter, Angélique-Françoise, was born, but she died in 1746.

In 1752 Chardin was granted a pension of 500 livres by the king. At the Salon of 1759 he exhibits nine paintings; it was the first Salon to be commented upon by Denis Diderot, who would prove to be a great admirer and public champion of Chardin's work. Beginning in 1761, his responsibilities on behalf of the Salon, simultaneously arranging the exhibitions and acting as treasurer, resulted in a diminution of productivity in painting, and the showing of 'replicas' of previous works. In 1763 his services to the Académie were acknowledged with an extra 200 livres in pension. In 1765 he was unanimously elected associate member of the Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts of Rouen, but there is no evidence that he left Paris to accept the honor. By 1770 Chardin was the 'Premiere peintre du roi', and his pension of 1,400 livres was the highest in the Academy.

In 1772 Chardin's son, also a painter, drowned in Venice, a probable suicide. The artist's last known oil painting was dated 1776; his final Salon participation was in 1779, and featured several pastel studies. Gravely ill by November of that year, he died in Paris on December 6, at the age of 80.

Chardin's work had little in common with the Rococo painting that dominated French art in the 18th century. At a time when history painting was considered the supreme classification for public art, Chardin's subjects of choice were viewed as minor categories. He favoured simple yet beautifully textured still lifes, and sensitively handled domestic interiors and genre paintings. Simple, even stark, paintings of common household items (Still Life with a Smoker's Box) and an uncanny ability to portray children's innocence in an unsentimental manner (Boy with a Top [below]) nevertheless found an appreciative audience in his time, and account for his timeless appeal.

Largely self-taught, he was greatly influenced by the realism and subject matter of the 17th-century Low Country masters. Despite his unconventional portrayal of the ascendant bourgeoisie, early support came from patrons in the French aristocracy, including Louis XV. Though his popularity rested initially on paintings of animals and fruit, by the 1730s he introduced kitchen utensils into his repertoire (The Copper Cistern, ca.1735, Louvre). Soon figures populated his scenes as well, supposedly in response to a portrait painter who challenged him to take up the genre. At any event, he was presently painting half-length compositions of children engaged in play, and kitchen maids in moments of reflection. These humble scenes deal with simple, everyday activities, yet they also have functioned as a source of documentary information about a level of French society not hitherto considered a worthy subject for painting. The pictures are noteworthy for their formal structure and pictorial harmony.

In 1756 he returned to the subject of the still life. In the 1770s his eyesight weakened and he took to painting in pastels, a medium in which he executed portraits of his wife and himself.

Today his paintings hang in the Louvre and other major museums. His work became popular with the general public after low-cost engravings of his paintings became available.

He is much admired for his still life work and portraiture in pastels, which are now highly valued. His self-portrait (top right) was produced in the latter medium. Chardin painted humble scenes that deal with simple, everyday activities. He used blocky simple forms perfectly organized in space, and few colors, mostly earth tones. He was a master of textures, shapes, and the soft diffusion of light.

Chardin's influence on the art of the modern era was wide-ranging, and has been well-documented. Edouard Manet's half-length Boy Blowing Bubbles and the still lifes of Paul Cézanne are equally indebted to their predecessor. He was one of Henri Matisse's most admired painters; as an art student Matisse made copies of four Chardin paintings in the Louvre. Chaim Soutine's still lifes looked to Chardin for inspiration, as did the paintings of Georges Braque, and later, Giorgio Morandi. In 1999 Lucian Freud painted and etched several copies after The Young Schoolmistress (National Gallery, London).


 

Art Work
A Basket of Peaches, reproduction of Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ992
Original Artist:
Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Original Name:
A Basket of Peaches
Original Size:
33 x 40cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
A Lean Diet with Cooking Utensils, reproduction of Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ993
Original Artist:
Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Original Name:
A Lean Diet with Cooking Utensils
Original Size:
33 x 41cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Attributes of Music, reproduction of Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ994
Original Artist:
Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Original Name:
Attributes of Music
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Boy with a Spinning Top, Auguste Gabriel Godefroy, reproduction of Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ995
Original Artist:
Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Original Name:
Boy with a Spinning Top, Auguste Gabriel Godefroy
Original Size:
67 x 76cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Draughtsman, reproduction of Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ996
Original Artist:
Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Original Name:
Draughtsman
Original Size:
80 x 65cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Game Still Life with Hunting Dog, reproduction of Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ997
Original Artist:
Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Original Name:
Game Still Life with Hunting Dog
Original Size:
172 x 139cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Girl Peeling Vegetables, reproduction of Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ998
Original Artist:
Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Original Name:
Girl Peeling Vegetables
Original Size:
46 x 37cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Girl with a featherball racket, reproduction of Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ999
Original Artist:
Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Original Name:
Girl with a featherball racket
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Girl with Racket and Shuttlecock, reproduction of Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ1000
Original Artist:
Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Original Name:
Girl with Racket and Shuttlecock
Original Size:
82 x 66cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
La Brioche, Cake, reproduction of Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ1001
Original Artist:
Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Original Name:
La Brioche, Cake
Original Size:
47 x 56cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Lady sealing a letter, reproduction of Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ1002
Original Artist:
Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Original Name:
Lady sealing a letter
Original Size:
146 x 147cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Lady taking tea, reproduction of Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ1003
Original Artist:
Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Original Name:
Lady taking tea
Original Size:
80 x 101cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Pipes And Drinking Pitcher, reproduction of Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ1004
Original Artist:
Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Original Name:
Pipes And Drinking Pitcher
Original Size:
cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Portrait of joseph aved, reproduction of Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ1005
Original Artist:
Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Original Name:
Portrait of joseph aved
Original Size:
138 x 105cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
Portrait of madame chardin, reproduction of Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Art work details
Item Number:
WHJ1006
Original Artist:
Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Original Name:
Portrait of madame chardin
Original Size:
46 x 38cm
Original Medium: oil on canvas
Important:Before add the item to your shopping cart,Please make sure you have selected the size you want in the selection box above.
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